Many argue that Canada has a shortage of care workers and this shortage is expected to become much more acute with the aging of the population (CIHI 2007). According to this argument, Canada’s population is aging rapidly due to low fertility rates, greater life expectancy, the effects of an aging baby boom cohort and a high immigration rate. According to the 2006, Census Canada’s population age 65 and over stands at 4.3 million. (13.7%); 1.2 million are aged 80 and over (3.7%).

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1 Methodological Overview 2118
2 Objectives of this Research 2365
3 Introduction 2189