World Migration Report 2010 Print E-mail

The Future of Migration: Building Capacities for Change

International Organization for Migration - Geneva Switzerland, 2010

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“……Ten years ago when we published our first World Migration Report 2000 there were 150 million migrants. Now, the number of migrants has grown to 214 million, and the figure could rise to 405 million by 2050, as a result of growing demographic disparities, the effects of environmental change, new global political and economic dynamics, technological revolutions and social networks.
In response to these trends, many States are likely to need to invest in developing their migration management capacities. Already, many States report that they require assistance to develop the capabilities to respond to a diverse range of new migration challenges.

Part A focuses on identifying core capacities in key areas of migration management. The aim is not to prescribe ‘one-size-fits-all’ policies and practices, but to suggest objectives of migration management policies in each area, to stimulate thinking and provide examples of what States and other actors can do.

Part B draws on the most up-to-date data to provide overviews of global and regional migration and remittances trends. In recognition of the importance of the largest global economic recession since the 1930s, this section has a particular focus on the effects of this crisis on migrants, migration and remittances…..”


Building capacities for change
1. The global outlook for migration

2. Capacity-building

3. Labour mobility
3.1 Determining policy goals
3.2 Assessing labour and skills shortages
3.3 Regulating admissions and selecting migrant workers
3.4 Determining conditions attached to employment permits
3.5 Training of migrant workers and placement services
3.6 Protection of migrant workers’ rights
3.7 Reducing labour migration costs
3.8 Strengthening and implementing bilateral labour mobility agreements
3.9 Return and reintegration
3.10 Implementation

4. Irregular migration
4.1 Better data on irregular migration
4.2 Law-enforcement strategies
4.3 Regularization
4.4 Detention and return
4.5 Regulating migration and employment
4.6 Capacity-building in transit States
4.7 Combating migrant smuggling and human trafficking
4.8 Mixed flows
4.9 Information campaigns
4.10 Partnerships and cooperation

5. Migration and development
5.1 Mainstreaming migration in development plans
5.2 Optimizing formal remittance flows
5.3 Enhancing the developmental impacts of remittances
5.4 Engaging diasporas
5.5 Consolidating knowledge networks
5.6 Strengthening the links between return and development
5.7 Promoting circular migration
5.8 Training to retain
5.9 Ethical recruitment policies
5.10 Institutional capacity-building

6. Integration
6.1 Strengthening economic participation
6.2 Encouraging civic participation among migrants
6.3 Simplifying rules on citizenship, nationality and dual nationality
6.4 Family migration
6.5 Managing temporary migration
6.6 Promoting migrant education
6.7 Strengthening anti-discrimination policies and practices
6.8 Promoting migrant health
6.9 Fostering public dialogue
6.10 Mainstreaming integration across government

7. Environmental change
7.1 Establishing a better evidence base
7.2 Disaster risk reduction
7.3 Developing adaptation strategies
7.4 Preparing evacuation plans
7.5 Filling gaps in the legal and normative framework
7.6 Implementing national laws and policies on internal displacement
7.7 Amending national immigration laws and policies
7.8 Establishing proactive resettlement policies
7.9 Providing humanitarian assistance
7.10 Planning for return and resettlement

8. Migration governance
8.1 Developing a national migration policy
8.2 Strengthening migration management at the national level
8.3 Coordinated policymaking and implementation
8.4 The need for better research and data
8.5 Policy evaluation
8.6 Developing urban governance
8.7 Engagement with the private sector
8.8 An enhanced role for civil society
8.9 Effective RCPs and cooperation between regional processes
8.10 Addressing the need for more coherent global governance

9. Next steps
Checklist of core capacities in international migration
An overview of international migration trends
Internally displaced persons
Health migration
Student mobility
Irregular migration


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Last Updated on Friday, 27 July 2012 13:40